Практический материал ЕГЭ по английскому языку


4.1. Раздел «Чтение»

Рекомендуемое время на выполнение этого задания 8 минут.


Read the newspaper texts, decide where they come from and match each of the headings A-l to one of the texts 1-7 as shown in the example (0). There is only one text to every heading. One heading is extra.

Прочитайте тексты из газет, определите, какой из заголовков A-I соответствует текстам 1-7, как это показано в примере (0). Каждый заголовок соответствует только одному тексту, при этом один заголовок лишний.





Many patients suffering from high blood pressure were surprised last week to hear that one of the most popular class of drugs for testing and treating their illness — calcium channel blockers — became the reason of many heart attacks.

0 - I

1. Should kids have to fight in wars? Countries in the Middle East are forcing kids under 15 to fight in wars, because the kids are easy to frighten. Also armies like Iraq's don't have enough adults in the service to fight in wars. They make kids join the battles. If children refuse, they may be beaten or killed. If Iraq doesn't have enough members in the army, they can just deal with it without using kids!

Jeremy Bidwell Cedar Falls, Iowa

2.Welcome to England's leading seaside resort! Enjoy the mild, healthy sea air, the beautiful architecture, the restful parks, the variety of the shopping streets. Take a trip with us into the beautiful Sussex countryside around Brighton, to romantic windmills, old castles and palaces.

3. Amherst, Mass. Boston choreographer Beth Soil performs with her company as part of the Mass Dance Festival. On the 10th at 8, Kirby Theatre. Tickets $10-$ 12.

4.These famous horror stories explore the dark world of the writer's imagination, where the dead live and speak, where fear lies in every shadow of the mind

5.People in China and other Asian communities joined the global celebration of this millennium. On February 5, many people welcome the first day of the Year of the Dragon. The 15-day Chinese New Year festival marks the beginning of a new year and a new life. This Chinese Year is year number 4698.

6.Bob Larsen is fantastic. He certainly has what it takes to build a creative group. His programme that develops creativity of young people is great. Let's hope a few more US teachers will follow Larsen's example.

7.War was a tragedy, and so was the hydrogen bomb. But that didn't stop the children of the 1950s from putting their energy into having fun. For a dollar ninety- eight, anybody could get a plastic ring called a Hula-Hoop. From city sidewalks to suburban backyards kids were wiggling like crazy, trying to keep the hoop round their hips. As for clothes if they wore a bikini swimsuit, Bermuda shorts or blue j eans, they were totally cool.

1 – ( ) 2 – ( ) 3 – ( ) 4 – ( ) 5 – ( ) 6 – ( ) 7 – ( )

Рекомендуемое время на выполнение этого задания — 12 минут.


You are going to read extracts from stories about famous children writers. For questions 1- 9 choose from the names A-G. The names may be chosen more than once. There is an example at the beginning (0).


· imagined the world we are living now? (G ) - 0

· stories became unexpectedly very popular among children? ( ) - 1

· had changed different jobs before he became popular? ( ) - 2

· had never been to the country described in the book? ( ) - 3

· son's birthday present made him famous? ( ) - 4

· was made to write because of necessity? ( ) - 5

· gave old stories a new life? ( ) - 6

· sent his son letters with stories? ( ) - 7

· started books which contained stories told in pictures? ( ) - 8

· wonderful imagination gave birth to the writer's

famous book? ( ) - 9

A. Busch, Wilhelm. Born in Wiedensahl in 1832, Wilhelm Busch was a painter, poet, and short-story writer. Max und Moritz, his first book for children, might have been the first ever that gave any idea that children weren't always good. It is considered the first story in pic­tures and the forerunner of comic books. Busch went on to write and illustrate about 60 similar books which were all great successes.

В. Dodge, Mary Mapes. To support her two children after her husband died, Mary Mapes Dodge wrote Irvington Stories, based on American history. Next, her publisher asked her to write a novel about the Civil War. Instead, although she'd never been to Holland, she wrote Hans Brinker, or Silver Skates. The book went through more than 100 editions in 30 years, and the Dutch even built a statue to commemorate it. In 1873, Dodge became the first editor of St Nicholas magazine for children, where, for 32 years, she pub­lished outstanding stories.

С Grahame, Kenneth. Born in Edinburgh in 1859, Kenneth Grahame became an orphan just five years later, and went to live with his grandmother in Berkshire, England, where he loved to wander the river banks. He became a successful banker but was much happier writing, and the success of two books of his stories about children encouraged him. He began to tell his son, Alastair, bedtime stories about Mole, Rat, and Toad, and when Alastair went on vacation the stories continued in letter form. In 1908 The Wind in the Willows was published.

D. Grimm, Jacob. Jacob and his brother Wilhelm wrote fairy tales. Their first collection, Nursery and Household Tales, was published in 1812 and included more than 200 stories. The book was for adults and had no illustrations, but to the brothers' surprise children loved it.

E. Milne, A. A. Had Alan Milne's son, Christopher Robin, not received a toy bear for his first birthday in 1921, Winnie the Pooh might never had been written. The bear received the name Pooh from a swan Christopher Robin had met on a vacation trip and the name Winnie from a black bear cub at the London Zoo. Eeyore and Piglet were also early presents to Christopher, and it was his mother, Dorothy, who invented personalities for them. His father, a playwright, began writing stories about the animals and invented Rabbit and Owl. A few years later, when Tigger and Kanga arrived in the nursery, the world of Pooh was complete.

F. Perrault, Charles. After careers as lawyer, supervisor of royal buildings for King Louis XIV, and poet, Perrault began to write fairy tales to amuse his children and friends. He used old stories that many people had forgotten, and he told them so well that when he published eight of them in 1679, the book made fairy tales popular again. Cinderella, Puss in Boots, Little Red Riding Hood, and the other Mother Goose stories, as he called them, might not be remembered today were it not for Perrault.

G. Verne, Jules. In 1839, when he was 11, Jules Verne ran off to sea. When he was returned home after reaching the ship's first port, he promised his family that in the future he would travel only in his imagination. Verne was not only curious about the scientific discoveries of his age, Verne also had a skill for predicting inventions. Many have said that Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea anticipated the modern submarine, and his other works predicted light bulbs, electric clocks, and many details of travel in space.

Рекомендуемое время на выполнение этого задания — 5 минут.


Read Questions 1-6. Find the answers in the texts A-K from the American Heritage Children's Dictionary and put the correct letter in the box. There are some extra texts which you do not need to use. There is an example at the beginning (0).


It gives you information about something that interests you. (A) - 0

This dog is used in the North. ( ) - 1

This plant is used for decorating. ( ) - 2

This mark shows that a person belongs to an organization. ( ) - 3

This stick is used in many games. ( ) - 4

These seats are for watching shows or sports events
at an open place. ( ) - 5

This plant is without leaves. ( ) - 6

A. advertisement — public notice to call attention to something such as a product, a service, or a coming event.

B. alga — a very simple plant with no true stems or leaves, found chiefly in water.

С. arena — an enclosed area in which shows or sports events are given.

D. bat — a strong wooden stick or club used for hitting a ball.

E. baton — a thin stick used by the leader of an orchestra or band.

F. bleachers — seats in rows placed one above another for people watching sports events or performances as in a stadium.

G. coat of arms — a design, as on a shield that serves as an emblem of a nation, family, group.

H. holly — a small evergreen tree or shrub that has shiny, prickly leaves and bright red berries used to decorate homes in December.

I. husky - a dog with a thick coat used for pulling sleds in the Far North.

J. insignia - an official emblem of rank or membership.

K. prairie dog — an animal of the plains of central North America that lives underground.


4.2. Раздел «Аудирование»


You will hear a telephone conversation between a taxi driver and an operator from 911 service. For Questions 1-6, complete the missing information. You will need to write a number, a word or a short phrase. You will hear the recording twice. There is an example at the beginning (0). You now have 10 seconds in which to look at Part 1.

Вы услышите разговор по телефону между водителем такси и оператором службы 911. Запишите недостающую информацию в вопросах 1-6 в виде цифры, слова или словосочетания в отведенном для этого месте. Вы услышите запись дважды. В начале задания дан пример (0). У вас есть 10 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием 1.


Operator’s number 911 (0)

1. Location (1)

2. Caller’s name (2)

3. Passenger’s name (3)

4. Passenger’s age (4)

5. Symptoms (5)

6. Recommendations

given by operator (6)

and (7)


You will hear an interview with a writer Dave Hall. For Questions 1-8, decide whether each statement is True or False. In the box, write T, if the statement is true and F, if it is false. You will hear the recording twice. There is an example at the beginning (0). You now have 30 seconds in which to look at Part 2.

Вы услышите интервью с писателем Дейвом Холлом. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений 1-8 являются верными, а какие неверными. В рамочках справа напишите букву Т, если утверждение верное, или F, если утверждение неверное. Вы услышите запись дважды. В начале задания дан пример (0). У вас есть 30 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием 2.

Example: Dave enjoys his work. (T) 0

1. Dave decided on his career at an early age ( ) 1

2. His first publication was a short-story collection. ( ) 2

3. Dave started writing crime stories to entertain

his friends. ( ) 3

4. Dave writes in different genres. ( ) 4

5. Dave thinks that life stories are well paid. ( ) 5

6. Dave thinks that every page of a good crime novel
should be full of events. ( ) 6

7. He dislikes the idea of making a film

based on his novels. ( ) 7

8. He loves watching detective films on TV. ( ) 8


You will hear people talking in seven different situations. For Situations 1-7, choose and circle the best answer А, В or С You will hear each speaker twice. There is an example at the beginning (0). You now have 30 seconds in which to look at Part 3.


You overhear an estate agent speaking on the phone. Who is he phoning?

(A) - 0

A a buyer

В a seller

С a builder

Situation 1

You will hear a man talking about the opening ceremony for the Olympics. How does he feel about it? ( ) - 1

A fascinated

В bored

С indifferent

Situation 2

You will hear a man talking about the Danes decision not to adopt the European Union currency. How does he feel about it?1 ( ) - 2

A He is critical of it.

В Не approves of it.

С Не is worried about it.

Situation 3

You will hear a man talking about golf. How does the man feel about the golf game? ( ) - 3

A He finds it dull.

В Не finds it fascinating.

С Не finds it tiring.

Situation 4

You will hear a psychologist giving advice to a person who suffers from some problem.

What is the person's problem? ( ) - 4

A He is shy.

В Не is moody.

С Не is irritable.

Situation 5

You will hear a boy's opinion on whether 16-year-olds should

be allowed to drive a car. What does he think about it? ( ) - 5

A He disapproves of the idea.

В Не supports the idea.

С Не is uncertain about it.

Situation 6

You will hear a teacher talking to his students about the way

he works with them. Who is the course for? ( ) - 6

A students who study marketing

В students who study management

С students who study journalism

Situation 7

You will hear a girl talking about her shopping experience.

Why did she take her sweater back to the shop? ( ) - 7

A to get her money back

В to get a sweater in her size

С to get a sweater in another colour.


You will hear six teenagers talking about fashion. Match each speaker 1-6 with one of the statements from the list A-G which best conveys each speaker's attitude to fashion. Use each letter only once. There is one extra statement which you do not need to use. You will hear the recording twice. There is an example at the beginning (0). You now have 25 seconds in which to look at Part 4.

Вы услышите высказывания 6 подростков о моде. Соотнесите содержание высказывания каждого говорящего 1 -6 с утверждениями, данными в списке A-G. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. В начале задания дан пример (0). У вас есть 25 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием 4.


Н. I try to copy my friends' look. (H) - 0

A. I dress to look like famous people. ( ) - 1

B. I dress the same as my friends. ( ) - 2

С I wear clothes which I'm used to. ( ) - 3

D. I wear clothes which I can pay for. ( ) - 4

E. I like to wear stylish clothes. ( ) - 5

F. Fashion is all about making money. ( ) - 6

G. I dress to get a reaction from people. ( ) - 7

4.3. Раздел «Грамматика и лексика»


Complete these sentences by using the correct word from the box. Use each word once only. There is an example at the beginning (0). There is an extra word which you do not need to use.

Закончите предложения, используя подходящее слово из рамки. Используйте каждое слово только один раз. В начале задания дан пример (0). В рамке есть лишнее слово, которое не нужно использовать.

hamburger snacks fit meals vegetables weight food restaurant

Most British people, if they go out for a meal, go to their local Indian or Chinese (0). People often eat fast food such as a (1). Many people are not as (2) and healthy as they could be because they do not eat the right (3). It is important to have three (4) a day. (5) can make you put on (6), especially sugary ones.

(0) restaurant

(1) ________

(2) ________

(3) ________

(4) ________

(5) ________

(6) ________


Read the following text and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct, and some have a word which should not be there. If a line is correct, put a plus (+) after it. If a line has a word which should not be there, write down this word. There are two examples at the beginning (0) and (00).

Прочитайте следующий текст и внимательно посмотрите на каждую строчку. Некоторые строчки правильные, а другие

EASY (39)

Total: I 1

имеют лишнее слово. Поставьте в конце каждой правильной строчки плюс (+). Выпишите лишние слова напротив строк, где они употреблены. В начале задания даны два примера (0), (00).

A Letter from Camp

Dear Alice,

Greetings from Camp Potomac! The camp is on the + (0)

Potomac river at about 25 miles from Washington. at (00)

There is also the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal here. (1)

Try to saying this strange name quickly. The __ (8)

big thing here is the canoeing. I was a beginner_____ (9)

in last year — now I'm intermediate. ______ (10)

You can't to swim in the river or the canal. They say (11)

it's dangerous. There are snakes in the water. (12)

The food is pretty good. We have French toasts____ (13)

for the breakfast. I love it! We sleep in bunks ______ (14)

little wooden rooms with the 12 beds. (15)

I enclose a photo of Angela. She is (16)

from the Great Britain. __ (17)

See you soon. Love,



Read the passage below and write the appropriate form of each verb in brackets in the numbered blanks. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Прочитайте отрывок и напишите соответствующую форму каждого глагола, данного в скобках, в отведенном для этого месте. В начале задания дан пример (0).

It (0 be) until 1947, and Jean and Tom was (0)

(1 be going) to get married. But after the ____ (1)

Second World War it was very difficult (2 buy) ____ (2)

new clothes in Britain. "(3 not worry)," ____ (3)

Jean's dad said to Tom, "You can (4 take) my suit." ____ (4)

Jean (5 remember) an advertisement about ____ (5)

Film Studios three-day wedding hire services. ____ (6)

They (6 hire) out dresses from films. ____ (7)

She (7 save) £3 before the war, and it was enough. ____ (8

Jean (8 fill) in the form giving them her size. ____ (9)

The dress (9 arrive) in time. It was beautiful, ____ (10)

and Jean (10 look) perfectly in it. ____ (11)

Now they have been married for 53 years. They

always (11 watch) the old films, because — ____ (12)

who (12 know) — they might see someone

wearing Jean's dress in a film.


Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits the space. There is an example at the beginning (0)

A Man in Command

It was obvious that Jack was an important IMPORTANCE (0)

man, of considerable ________and INTELLIGENT (1)


He had an air of ________about CONFIDENT (2)

him. He was not a________, but a market- SCIENCE (3)

ing man. He wanted to change the world,

or at the very least make a __________. DIFFERENT (4)

Everything about Jack suggested that he was

a man of__________ position. And yet, in his IMPRESS (5)

eyes you saw integrity,____________, KIND (6)

a warm heart and __________. There STRONG (7)

was more to Jack than just well-tailored

suits and the___________ briefcase. EXPENSE (8)

Paris was the__________ of everything CULMINATE(9)

he had dreamed. He had worked so hard

for it, even if some of it seemed

to have come ___________to him. EASY (10)


Paraphrase the following sentences completing the second sen­tence so that it is equivalent in meaning to the given sentence. You can use between two and five words. There is an example at the beginning (0).


I advise you to send them a letter of apology. (0)

You should send them a letter of apology.

1. Don't expect that I should eat anything there. (1)

Don't expect me ____________________there.

2. He had done this, and then he appeared from his room.

Having____________, he appeared from his room. (2)

3. She refused to do my homework for me. (3)

She said that____________ ____ my homework for me.

4. It seemed that the noise resembled somebody's sobbing (4)

The noise________________ somebody's sobbing.

5. It is possible that they will sell their car. (5)

They________________ their car.

6. He wants to buy a new computer, but he hasn't got

enough money. (6)

He wishes _____________ _______enough money to buy a

new computer.


Fill each of the numbered blanks in the following passages. Use only one word in each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).

В следующем отрывке заполните все пронумерованные про­пуски подходящими словами. В каждый пропуск можно вставить только одно слово. В начале задания дан пример (0).

Man has used to homing pigeons for thousands (0) years.of (0)

All birds navigate by (1) sun and the stars, ___ (1)

(2) these pigeons can do it better than other birds. ___ (2)

Five thousand years ago (3) Egyptians used them ___ (3)

to send news (4) one town to another. It was one ___ (4)

of (5) first postal services. ___ (5)

(6) ancient Greeks used pigeons, too. They sent ___ (6)

them from (7) Olympic games to take the results ___ (7)

to people all (8) the country. ___ (8)

Many people keep homing pigeons today (9) a ___ (9)

hobby. It is (10) popular sport to race them. ___ (10)

4.4. Раздел «Письмо»

Рекомендуемое время для выполнения этого задания — 20 минут.

PART 1[п1]

During your stay in Great Britain you went on a one-day trip to Longleat, which is the house and the park of Lord Bath. Read the plan of your tour and the notes you made. Write a letter to your friend John describing your visit, what you liked or disliked and why[п2] .


An unforgettable experience

1. The beautiful Longleat House.

2. Safari Park, the largest in Europe.

3. Pet Corner.


1. Family portraits, a wonderful guide, ghost stories.

2. A white tiger, lions, monkeys.

3. A hamster, rabbits, a pig and a donkey,

interesting for small children[п3] .

Write 100-140 words. Be polite and remember the rules of letter writing.

Рекомендуемое время для выполнения этого задания 10 минут.


Read the extract from your pen friend's letter and write him a postcard to congratulate him on his success.

Your friend, John Oliver, lives in Silver Street, Bedford, house number 10.

...What's more our tennis team was the best in the school tournament. You can imagine how happy we were when we had won the first prize.

Hope to hear from you soon.

Best wishes, John

Write 25-30 words. Remember to be polite.

Write 100-140 words.

Be polite and remember the rules of letter writing. Write on the answer sheet. You may use this page for mak­ing notes. (They will not be marked.)

Рекомендуемое время для выполнения этой работы 35 минут.


Choose one of the following topics and write a composition.

1. Describe your first day at school.

2. Describe the most exciting day of a hike you went on.

3. Describe a day which began terribly and ended happily.

Write 140-180 words. In your composition write about

the time and the place where it happened;

the events that took place and your actions;

your feelings and emotions.

Write on the answer sheet.

Remember to use paragraphs.

4.5. Раздел «Говорение»

TASK 1 (3-4 min)

Give a talk on the topic: What do you like or dislike about living in your city (town, village)?

Remember to speak about:

its beauty (sights);

places to go to;


ecological situation;

possibilities of getting education;

possibilities of getting a good job.

You have to talk for 2-2,5 minutes. The teacher will listen until-you have finished. Then he/she will ask you some questions.

TASK 2 (1,5-2 min)

You have come to a foreign country on holiday. Now you are at a hotel and want to stay in it for 3 days. You need a single room. Unfortunately, you haven't booked it.

Ask the receptionist the following questions:

if the rooms are available;

about the room:

(if) comfortable;

TV set;


about the price.

You have to decide if you are going to book the room or not. The teacher will play the role of the hotel receptionist and will start the conversation. Remember to:

be active and polite;

ask all the questions to get the necessary information;

decide if you book the room or not.

TASK 3 (4-5 min)

You and your classmate are discussing the best place for a school leaving party. There are 3 options to choose from. You have to decide on one of them:

at school;

in a cafe;

in the countryside near the lake.

You begin the conversation. The teacher will do the role of your classmate. Remember to:

discuss all the options;

take an active part in the conversation and be polite;

come up with suggestions;

give reasons;

invite your friend to come up with suggestions;

find out your friend's attitudes and take them into account;

come to an agreement.


TASK 1 (3-3,5 min)

Give a two-minute talk on the problem of good health.

Remember to say the following:

why it is important to think about your health when you are still young;

what people should / should not do to be healthy;

what healthy food is;

why it is necessary to see the dentist twice a year.

You have to talk for 2 minutes. The teacher will listen to you until you have finished.

Then he/she will ask you some questions.

TASK 2 (1,5-2 min)

It is Friday morning, 12 o'clock. You are at a tourist office. You need to get to Novgorod as quickly as possible, better today. You need a single ticket and can spend 70 rbls () only for the ticket. Ask the tourist office clerk about the following:

how to get to Novgorod;

departure time;

arrival time;

the ticket price.

The teacher will play the role of the tourist office clerk and will begin the conversation. Remember to:

be active and polite;

ask all the questions to get the necessary information;

book a ticket.

TASK 3 (4-5 min)

You and your twin sister/brother are discussing your birthday party. There are 4 options to choose from. You have to decide on one or two of them:

home party with relatives;

home party with your friends;

going to a disco bar;

a barbecue party in the countryside.

You begin the conversation. The teacher will play the role of your brother / sister. Remember to:

discuss all the options;

take an active part in the conversation and be polite;

come up with suggestions;

give reasons;

invite your brother/sister to come up with suggestions;

find out his/her attitudes and take them into account;

agree / disagree with your brother /sister;

- come to an agreement.